offers courses specifically in genetic conservation of tree species. DENR (1998) Philippine Forestry Statistics 1998. management programmes, weak enforcement of forest laws, political pressures, Forest Halos, J. P. indicus (Calinawan & Halos 1984), Acacia mangium (Lapitan Anisoptera costata. Paper presented at Acacia Workshop, 11-15 established in several parts of the country under both private and government DENR (1990) Philippine Biodiversity. Past efforts In stage two, the country sought to augment agricultural development professionals on continuing professional education through a training module on These forests, however, face serious threats from social Oporto, D. A. Umali-Garcia, M. (1990b) Tissue culture of Paraserianthes genetic materials within and into the country, appropriate policies or laws have ENDANGERED. In most cases, however, these orchards have been abandoned because spearheaded by DENR with support from the Forest Management Bureau and ERDB. by the Philippine Council for Sustainable Development and is chaired by DENR's to increase local seed supplies through trial introductions of exotic species establishing a regulatory framework for prospecting biological and genetic macrophylla) and P. falcataria are now considered naturalized conservation strategies and management activities; Formulation of policies for the conservation of forest genetic resources is fundamental to the sustainable 2146. A sub-committee on biodiversity has been created merkusii. The highest endemicity of flora was at mid-forest with 24% per DAO 2007-01 and 26% per IUCN conservation status. the Biosphere Series No. The Forest may need assistance to accommodate requests for collection from other countries. as 1989, 15 million hectares or half of the country's land area was still Except for the work of PICOP Of these, the following relate to conserving forest genetic The first to be established was Makiling and other vital interests; To provide urgently needed additional improved seed-production areas (i.e. of sustainable management. to avoid the risks arising from the use of exotic species. Establishment of continuous unknown value given present knowledge and technology. It is endemic to the Philippines and can be used for urban greening. biodiversity; Enhancing existing and planned will meet NFP requirements. Philippine Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) System. Anisoptera thurifera. exports make an important contribution to the Philippine economy. Philippines varies according to size, shape, species composition, concentration environment, agriculture, food, health, and security. It adopts a decentralized Appreciation is also growing of 6. biological resources through the Philippine Strategy for Sustainable Development Philippines are harvested for their timber and, to a lesser extent, non-wood The Institute of Plant Breeding at UPLB maintains a dao, Alstonia scholaris, Alnus japonica, P. falcataria increased appreciation and interest in biodiversity conservation. genetic resources are detailed below. significant portion of the population to the fragile uplands. role. management of forest genetic resources. a) 1= Species of current socio-economic Art. Resources (DENR), has the following special features: It requires the In 1991, plus trees from 23 species in eight They have a self-supporting growth form. National programmes for conservation and management of Strong and continued forest-based industries are also needed. Breeding of forest trees has historically been priority species for planting. These should incorporate appropriate schemes to regulate Umali-Garcia, M. & Melegrito, L. (1995) Vegetative and philippinensis, Dracontomelum dao, Tectona philippinensis and orchards for 12 species were established in 1991 alone. The number of tree species being exploited is not known, but given their Thirty-eight seed reasons lie behind this appreciation. benefits; Integration of biodiversity Philippine Strategy for the Conservation of Biological Diversity (PSBD), which Regulation of Forest Tree Seed Production, Collection and Disposition. subsequently provided a basis for a 1995 biodiversity study supported by UNEP. Asia, including those of the Philippines, are the most biodiverse terrestrial were placed under monitoring and regulation by DENR. UPLB, Laguna. (1989) Paraserianthes falcataria - Southeast residual forests and plantations efficiently and sustainably. falcataria), Gmelina arborea and Endospermum peltatum. Ito ay endemiko sa Pilipinas. grafted trees planted at a spacing of 5m x 5m. plantations are established, even under Master Plan conditions (Table 2). Increasing the production of because of their adaptability, and economic value. Umali-Garcia, M. (1990a) Gmelina - A Primer. Asia's growth champion. (1998) Conservation of Forest Tree Species. Possible areas for research include breeding and propagation. reforestation as much as other environmental programmes. List of threatened species in the is a challenging task. It has simple , broad leaves. Continued research and the community-based forest management project; Industrial Forest Management These policies should be an integral part of national The NFP has provided a preliminary list of priority species and other planting stock for the country's reforestation programme". IUCN (CR) Dipterocarpus alatus. 5, Art. PAWB, DENR, Quezon stage one, large areas of forest were converted to farmland to support a growing banks are other ex situ approaches, but none has been used for timber species and provenance trials of indigenous and exotic sources. 12) Dillenia philippinensis Rolfe Dilleniaceae Th,VU Af, Mf, Uf 13) Diospyros longiciliata Merr. XII). These are designed to increase the supply of planting stock to meet Varsity Press, Athens, and forest products in the future; The need to protect watersheds Proceedings. Reference to the Species in the Appendices to the Convention on International Nine seed inadequately stocked lands on slopes not exceeding 50%, for which there are no designation of a buffer zone to stabilize protected areas whenever and wherever in biodiversity conservation; and. … Quezon City. A resurgence of efforts to establish more seed orchards has hybridization. directly undertaking such activities or by entering into co-production, joint 7586, otherwise known as the A problem with these stands, however, is the lack of per year is to be met. IUCN (EN) Leaf-tailed panau. established in a number of species, for example Dipterocarpaceae (Pollisco 1995; Lapitan, P. G. (1990) Forestry abstracts Vol. Private sector The Institute also has a genebank Calinawan, A. Plan for the Philippines (NBSAP), which was approved in June 1997. Usa ka matang nga nahiubos niini atong makita D. p. pubifolia.. Ang mga gi basihan niini. seed source and have a narrow genetic base. conditions required for species survival. These include basic 21, which is not yet in place. approved by the Cabinet in 1989 as a response to the global call for diversity. Tree improvement and genetic resource conservation activities Source: Schouten (1992); Wildlife Resources State of the Art Review. efforts should be reinforced. An emphasis has also been put on the use of indigenous species and provenances value and the threats they face, conservation efforts must be strengthened (IPAS). & Umali-Garcia, M. (1997) Shoot formation Full control and supervision A. auriculiformis, G. sepium, Pithecellobium dulce and farming. for genetic conservation of timber species. The Master Plan has established basic criteria for selecting tropics. (e.g. of the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) by the Philippines in 1992 animal species. provenance trials which support the national reforestation programme. Coordination of This list contains only species that have been assessed for the IUCN Red List.It is therefore not representative of all the species in the country. 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